Alarm sirens at "W-Hour" and prayers for the citizens of Warsaw
The celebrations of the 72nd anniversary of Warsaw Rising on 1 August lasted from the early hours of the morning until the night. With a minute’s silence, vigil lights and flowers, the citizens of Warsaw paid tribute to the fallen insurgents.
In the morning, in Dreszer's Park, located in the Mokotów District, a ceremony was held to commemorate the insurgents who fought in that district.
During the occupation, the greatest number of German soldiers, including both the Wehrmach and SS troops, were stationed in the Mokotów District. German civilians and the Volksdeutsche also lived there.
The Baszta Regiment was the only unit in the district that was not dispersed during the Rising and held the ground until 27 September.
“The Baszta Regiment soldiers were driven by their faithfulness to their military pledge and boundless self-sacrifice on the battlefield. With the Mokotów Fortress holding out, engaging and hampering substantial German troops, the future of both the Mokotów District and the entire Rising was being decided. The centre of the valiantly defended fortress was General Orlicz-Dreszer's Park, which later became the last resting place of numerous fallen insurgents”, said Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz, the Mayor of Warsaw, during the ceremony.
After laying wreaths at the foot of the Fighting Mokotów 1944 monument, the attendees took part in the Mokotów March leading up to Dworkowa Street, the location of the sewer entrance from which the insurgents emerged and confronted the German troops head on. All of them, a total of 140 people, were shot.
Exactly at noon, Mayor of Warsaw Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz laid a wreath at the foot of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
“May these flowers and wreaths laid before the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier be a testament and a clear message to the world that the people of the capital of free Poland celebrate their heroes and appreciate the extent of their sacrifice” said the Mayor during the celebration in Piłsudskiego Square.
As always, during the celebrations at the Monument to the Polish Underground State and Home Army, the role and achievements of the Polish Underground State structures were remembered. They were established on the basis of the Polish Victory Service, founded on 27 September 1939. As an extension of the legitimate Polish authorities, the Polish Underground State operated on the entire territory of the country.
“This monument symbolises the combined military and civilian efforts of people for whom the good of their homeland was of paramount importance. May the wreaths laid before this obelisk be our tribute and token of gratitude to them, as well as a gesture of remembrance for the sake of the future generations“, said Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz.
The residents of Warsaw visited the Powązki Cemetery from the early morning to place vigil lights on the insurgents' tombstones. After the alarm sirens announcing 5 p.m had died away, the Mayor of Warsaw laid flowers before the Gloria Victis monument on behalf of all Varsovians.
Almost 200,000 people were killed in the Warsaw Rising. The graves of 104,000 of them are located in the Wola District, in the Warsaw Insurgents Cemetery. The memory of the insurgents has been fostered by Wanda Traczyk-Stawska, who thanked the Mayor during the ceremony at the cemetery for donating a 6-ha park adjacent to the necropolis. A memorial wall will be erected on this piece of land. The wall will be engraved with the names of the slain Varsovians, mostly residents of the Wola District. A museum facility, apprising on the hecatomb of Warsaw, will also be built there.
“The nameless fallen and murdered people rest here in mass graves in one of the biggest military cemeteries in Europe. The cemetery also hosts the remains of the victims of the 1939-45 occupation, the graves of the Warsaw defenders of 1939, the ashes of the resistance fighters exhumed from various districts of the destroyed city, the Pawiak Prison inmates, the people murdered at the Gestapo headquarters on Szucha Street, and Jews executed by firing squads at the Skra Stadium in the years 1940-1943”, reminisced Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz.
“The Wola Massacre became the harbinger of the annihilation of the whole city, the cruel fate and exodus of its residents”, added the Mayor during her speech near the Fallen Unconquerable monument.
The Warsaw Rising celebrations on 1 August in Warsaw concluded with the ceremony of lighting the memorial fire on the Warsaw Rising Mound, which was built using the rubble left after the destruction of the city. The fire will burn for 63 days.
The celebrations of the 72nd anniversary of Warsaw Rising on Krasińskich Square
As is tradition, on the eve of the main celebrations that take place on 1 August, on the evening of 31 July on Krasiński Square, a Holy Mass in memory of the Warsaw insurgents was celebrated, followed by a memorial roll call. After numerous delegations had laid wreaths, a concert entitled New Generation 16/44 started.
The ceremony was attended by the surviving Warsaw insurgents with their families, Members of Parliament, representatives of state authorities, local-government representatives and Varsovians.
The Mayor expressed indebtedness to the insurgents for taking on the challenge they were faced with 72 years ago.
“The main point of celebrating the anniversaries of the Rising is to remember the fallen, as well as to show deep gratitude and pay tribute to the survivors, and educate the young about the atrocities of war. The Varsovian families are paying tribute to the soldiers of "Fighting Poland". I am glad that there are so many of us here” said the Mayor.
Hanna Gronkieiwcz-Waltz stressed the importance of personal commitment by quoting Władysław Bartoszewski, who said
"Someone has got to do it, right?
Someone should react, right?
Someone should put up a fight, right?
Someone should protest, right?
I, too, was asking myself these questions. And I thought, if there has to be someone, why not me?”
“It is very heartening to see the families gathered here to pay homage to the Soldiers of Fighting Poland. Let us light the memorial fire dedicated to the longest and bloodiest Polish battle of World War II. Let us stand up for the roll call. Let us pay tribute to the fallen and celebrate the survivors”, concluded Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz.
Insurgents meet at the museum dedicated to them
President of the Republic of Poland and Mayor of Warsaw Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz met the participants of the Warsaw Rising at the Wolności (Freedom) Park of the Warsaw Rising Museum.
“With great pleasure and respect I welcome the people who 72 years ago proved their patriotism, fighting in the streets of their city“, said the Mayor during the celebration. “Patriotism today means work and service for the benefit of the country. Back then, it meant a bloody sacrifice. Let us remember the heroes of the Warsaw Rising, who paid the ultimate price for the freedom of their city and country. The proof of that sacrifice is engraved here, in the Memorial Wall, where the names of over a dozen thousand of the fallen can be read”.
“The identity of the modern Warsaw, your Warsaw, stems from its history, the rubble of the destroyed city and the attitude of its citizens, who, during the War, the Occupation and the Rising, proved that our capital is an unconquerable city. Today, the grandchildren of the Generation of the Columbuses – the young generation – are shaping Warsaw. The city is developing vigorously, regaining its charm and coming to life. Warsaw combines tradition and modernity, it is the capital of Central Europe. Looking at Warsaw today you can be proud of it”, emphasised Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz.
The 72nd Anniversary of the Warsaw Rising. An appeal to the residents of Warsaw
We would like to ask Warsaw residents to commemorate the events that took place 72 years ago with a minute’s silence, as they do every year on 1 August at the “W” hour.
The insurgents overcame many hardships. The first one was the struggle, and many had to pay the ultimate price. Then, there was the post-War period, in which they were persecuted, humiliated and imprisoned, to deny the historical truth for the benefit of the government of that time. In free Poland they were returned to due respect and glory. The first of August is their holiday, which is intended to give them an opportunity to reflect on the road they walked, and to allow us to express our gratitude for the values they have saved for us.
On 1st August at 5.00 pm sirens will be heard throughout the capital city. We would like to urge you to stop for a while and direct your thoughts towards those who 72 years ago fought for 63 days for our city and freedom. Let’s all celebrate the memory of heroes in peace and in pursuit of reconciliation.
Zbigniew Galperyn Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz Leszek Żukowski
Deputy President Mayor President
of the Association of Warsaw of Warsaw of the World Association of
Insurgents Home Army Soldiers
Warsaw, 27th July 2016
Public transport on 1st August
On the 72nd anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Rising, the Municipal Transport Authority will launch five special bus lines and one tram line. They will facilitate access to the Warsaw Rising Museum and the cemeteries in the City of Warsaw.
On 1st August five special bus lines will operate along Warsaw’s streets
- 912 (one-way line) The Powązki Military Cemetery – Powązkowska St. – Okopowa St. – Towarowa St.– Grzybowska St. – Siedmiogrodzka St. – Skierniewicka St. – Wolska St. – Fort Wola – The Wolski Cemetery
- 922 The Powązki Military Cemetery – Powązkowska St. – Krasińskiego St. – Wilsona Square – Słowackiego St. – Metro Marymont Station
- 944 The Central Railway Station– Emilii Plater St. – Świętokrzyska St.– Marszałkowska St. – Bankowy Square – Solidarności Ave. – Okopowa St. – Powązkowska St. – The Powązki Military Cemetery
- 970 Warsaw East Station (Kijowska St.) – Kijowska St. – Targowa St. – Solidarności Ave. (return: Śląsko-Dąbrowski bridge – Sierakowskiego St. – Okrzei St. – Targowa St.) – Śląsko-Dąbrowski bridge – Solidarności Ave. – Okopowa St. – Powązkowska St. – The Powązki Military Cemetery
- 980 Chełmska St. – Czerniakowska St. – Gagarina St. – Belwederska St. Ujazdowskie Ave. – Nowy Świat St.– Krakowskie Przedmieście St. – Miodowa St. – Krasińskich Square – Świętojerska St. – Anielewicza St. – Okopowa St. – Powązkowska St. – The Powązki Military Cemetery.
The “W” tram line service will be provided on the following route: Narutowicza Square– Grójecka St. – Zawiszy Square– Towarowa St. – The Warsaw Rising Museum – Towarowa St. – Okopowa St. – Solidarności Ave. – Wolska St. – The Wolski Cemetery.
Bus line 912 will operate between 5.30 and 8.00 PM, line 922 between 2.30 and 9.00 PM, lines 944, 970 and 980 between 2.00 and 9.00 PM. The W-line trams will arrive at their stops between 2.00 and 7.00PM.
The special-line buses will stop at selected bus stops.
The Powązki Military Cemetery can also be reached by regular-line buses 103, 122 and 180.
Possible traffic and parking difficulties
On 29th July - 6th August, Warsaw will be commemorating the 72nd Anniversary of the Warsaw Rising. Therefore, certain changes will be introduced to the current traffic and parking rules.
On THURSDAY, 28th JULY, from 11.00 pm to 7.00 am, on Friday, 29th July, in connection with preparations for the “PAMIĘTAMY 44” (“WE REMEMBER 44”) concert, stopping and waiting will be prohibited (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) at Przyokopowa St. at the side of the Warsaw Rising Museum along the entire wall length (except for cars labelled “ORGANIZATOR [“ORGANISER”]).
On FRIDAY, 29th JULY, in connection with the “PAMIĘTAMY 44” concert in the Wolności Park near the Warsaw Rising Museum traffic will be changed as follows:
• from 7.00 am to 12.00 midnight – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) on both sides of Przyokopowa St. (except for buses and cars labelled “ORGANIZATOR”),
• between 3.00 pm and 12.00 midnight – closing traffic on Przyokopowa St.
On SATURDAY, 30th JULY, in connection with the meeting of the President of Poland and the Mayor of Warsaw with veterans of the Warsaw Rising in the Wolności Park near the Museum the following regulations will be introduced:
• ALL DAY (24 hours) – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) on both sides of Przyokopowa St. (except for buses and cars labelled “ORGANIZATOR”),
• from 9.00 am to 2.00 pm – traffic closed on Przyokopowa St. (except for MPT vehicles, taxis and cars labelled “ORGANIZATOR”).
On SUNDAY, 31st JULY, in connection with the special Session of the Warsaw City Council in the Royal Castle and the remembrance events on Krasińskich Square, the following regulations will be introduced:
from 12.00 midnight to 4.00 pm – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) on both sides of Podwale St. along the section from Senatorska St. to Kapitulna St. (except for buses and cars transporting guests invited to the Special Session of the Warsaw City Council, ALL DAY (24 hours) – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) on both sides of the streets:
- Długa St. along the section from Miodowa St. to J. Kilińskiego St.,
- Bonifraterska St. along the section from Długa St. to Świętojerska St.,
- Długa St. along the section from the junction with Miodowa St.to Barokowa St.,
• from 12.00 noon to 12.00 midnight– traffic closed on Długa St. from Miodowa St.to J. Kilińskiego St.,
• from 5.00 pm to 12.00 midnight – traffic closed on Miodowa St. and Bonifraterska St. along the section from Kapucyńska St. to Świętojerska St.
On MONDAY, 1st AUGUST, traffic will be changed as follows:
1. In connection with remembrance events by the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on Piłsudskiego Square:
• from 12.00 midnight to 2.00 pm – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) on the following streets:
- Królewska St. along the section from Marszałkowska St. to Piłsudskiego Square on the side of Saski Garden (with parking space for rented MZA buses transporting military banners, veterans, members of the Polish Armed Forces),
- Wierzbowa St. along the section from A. Fredry St. to Marsz. F. Focha St.,
- the car park in front of the “Zachęta” National Gallery of Art (for guests participating in the event),
- the car park at Gen. M. Tokarzewskiego-Karaszewicza St. (for guests participating in the event),
2. in connection with the remembrance events by the monument of Gen. Stefan Rowecki “Grot” at F. Chopina St.:
• from 12.00 midnight to 2.30 pm – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) on F. Chopina St. (around the monument),
3. in connection with remembrance events by the monument of the Polish Underground State and the Home Army on J. Matejki St.:
from 12.00 midnight to 5.00 pm – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) on the following streets:
- J. Matejki St. along the section from Ujazdowskie Ave. to Wiejska St.
- Wiejska St. along the section from Frascati St. to Piękna St. with a car park (for the organiser’s cars),
- Piękna St. along the section from Al. Ujazdowskie to Wiejska St. (stopping allowed for MZA buses transporting veterans and for guests’ cars),
• from 8.00 am to 5.00 pm – traffic closed on J. Matejki St. from entrance to the Embassy of Canada to Wiejska St. (with the Embassy still accessible by car),
• from 1.00 pm to 5.00 pm – traffic closed on Wiejska St. along the section from Frascati St. to Piękna St. (entrance and stopping allowed for MZA buses transporting colour guards and veterans, and for guests’ cars),
4. in connection with remembrance events by the Gloria Victis monument at the Powązki Military cemetery at Powązkowska St.:
• from 1.00 pm to 9.30 pm – the car park by the Powązki Military Cemetery closed for passenger traffic (with the exception of MZA, organisers’ and guests’ cars),
• from 12.00 midnight to 7.00 pm – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) in the car park by the cemetery and in the car park and the lay-by near the Main Gate of the Military Cemetery from the side of Powązkowska St. (with the possibility for guests’ cars to stop),
• from 1.00 pm to 7.00 pm – traffic closed on Ostrowiecka St. (except for public transport and the organiser's cars),
5. in connection with remembrance events by the Polegli Niepokonani (Fallen Undefeated) monument on Wolska St.:
• from 12.00 midnight to 11.00 pm – no stopping and waiting on the service road of Wolska St. (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost)
along the section from J. Sowińskiego St. to Św. Jacka St., including the car park on Św. Jacka St.),
• from 5.30 pm to 10.00 pm – traffic closed on Wolska St. (one traffic lane at the side of the Park) to J. Sowińskiego St. (parking space for buses transporting veterans and guests),
• no entry to the gravel road leading to the Polegli Niepokonani monument from Redutowa, St. on J. Sowińskiego St. from Wolska, St. on J. Sowińskiego St. from Szulborska St.
On FRIDAY, 5th AUGUST, in connection with remembrance events by the monument commemorating 50 thousand Residents of the Wola District murdered by Germans during the Warsaw Rising on the confluence of Leszno St. and al. “Solidarności”, the following changes will be made:
• from 12.00 midnight to 7.30 pm – no stopping and waiting (with a sign warning that cars will be towed away at their owners’ cost) on the pavement and in the lay-by on Leszno St. along the section to S. Wyszyńskiego Square (does not apply to the organiser’s cars),
• from 4.30 pm to 7.30 pm – traffic closed on Leszno St. along the section from al. “Solidarności” to S. Wyszyńskiego Square.
On SATURDAY, 6th AUGUST, from 5.00 pm to 8.30 pm: Insurgent Critical Mass 2016. Start at the car park by the Warsaw Rising Museum on Przyokopowa. St. The following changes will therefore be made:
• from 7.00 am to 10.00 pm – no stopping and waiting on both sides of Przyokopowa St. (does not apply to buses and cars labelled “ORGANIZATOR”),
• from 11.00 am to 10.00 pm – traffic closed on Przyokopowa St. (does not apply to cars labelled “ORGANIZATOR”).
Remembrance events by the Polegli Niepokonani (Fallen Undefeated) monument – traffic disruptions
Programme of the event on 1st August:
- 7.30 pm – start of the event by the Polegli Niepokonani monument
For your convenience, please be informed that:
- Gen. J. Sowińskiego St. will be opened until 6.30 pm.
At 6.30 pm it will be closed for traffic and reopened around 9.00 pm.
- the monument will be accessible for those wishing to lay flowers until 6.00 pm (from the side of the stairs behind the monument).
From 6.00 pm, this area will be closed off until around 9.00 pm. These changes are necessary for safety reasons and the need to ensure that the remembrance events run smoothly and without disruptions.
The Programme of the 72nd anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising
29th July Friday
10.30AM Wreath laying ceremony at the memorial of Soldiers of „Żywiciel” Group
ks. J. Popiełuszko Street
30th July Saturday
11.00AM A meeting of the Warsaw Insurgents with Mr. Andrzej Duda, the President of Poland and Ms. Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz, the Mayor of Warsaw,
The ceremony of awarding orders and state honours by the President of Poland
Freedom Park at the Warsaw Rising Museum
(entry only with invitation)
31st July Sunday
12.00 A solemn session of the Warsaw City Council
The Royal Castle, Ballroom
7.00PM A field holy mass
Krasińskich Square, at the Warsaw Uprising Monument
8.00pM The memorial roll call of the Fallen
Krasińskich Square, at the Warsaw Uprising Monument
9.00PM Concert – “Nowe Pokolenie 16/44” (“New Generation 16/44”)
1st August Monday
9.00AM The wreath laying at the plaque commemorating the signing of the order to start the Warsaw Uprising by Gen. Antoni Chruściel “Monter” – the Commanding Officer of the Warsaw District of the Home Army
68 Filtrowa St. (the former secret headquarters of the Warsaw District of the Home Army)
10.00AM A ceremony at the “Fighting Mokotów – 1944” monument
Gen. Gustaw Orlicz-Dreszer Park
“Mokotów March” – a march along Puławska St. up to Dworkowa St.
12.00 The ceremonial changing of the guards held at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
The laying of wreaths
Marszałka Józefa Piłsudskiego Square
1.30PM The ceremony of laying flowers at the monument to Gen. Stefan Rowecki “Grot”
at the corner of F. Chopina St. and Ujazdowskie Ave.
2.00PM A ceremony at the Polish Underground State and the Home Army monument
4.00 The laying of flowers at the grave of Gen. Antoni Chruściel “Monter”
– 4.45PM Powązki Military Cemetery (plot D 18, row L 01, grave 1)
5.00PM “W-hour” – the paying of tribute to the Insurgents,
The Gloria Victis monument
Powązki Military Cemetery
7.30PM Wreath-laying at the “Fallen-undefeated” memorial
The Warsaw Insurgents Cemetery in Wola
9.00PM A ceremony on the Warsaw Uprising Mound – the lighting of the Fire of Remembrance
2.00PM The anniversary of the liberation of the Gęsiówka prison camp by the “Zośka” Battalion
34 Anielewicza St.
6.00PM A ceremony honouring the civilians of Wola at the monument commemorating 50 thousand Wola residents murdered by the Germans during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944
Pamięci Square on Leszno St. and Solidarności Ave.
2nd October• Sunday
6.00PM The extinction of the Fire of Remembrance on the Warsaw Uprising Mound – the closing of the ceremony of the 72nd anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising